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Absolute diffusion measurements of active enzyme solutions by NMR




The diffusion of enzymes is of fundamental importance for many biochemical processes. Enhanced or directed enzyme diffusion can alter the accessibility of substrates and the organization of enzymes within cells. Several studies based on fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) report enhanced diffusion of enzymes upon interaction with their substrate or inhibitor. In this context, major importance is given to the enzyme fructose-bisphosphate aldolase, for which enhanced diffusion has been reported even though the catalysed reaction is endothermic. Additionally, enhanced diffusion of tracer particles surrounding the active aldolase enzymes has been reported. These studies suggest that active enzymes can act as chemical motors that self-propel and give rise to enhanced diffusion. However, fluorescence studies of enzymes can, despite several advantages, suffer from artefacts. Here we show that the absolute diffusion coefficients of active enzyme solutions can be determined with Pulsed Field Gradient Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (PFG-NMR). The advantage of PFG-NMR is that the motion of the molecule of interest is directly observed in its native state without the need for any labelling. Further, PFG-NMR is model-free and thus yields absolute diffusion constants. Our PFG-NMR experiments of solutions containing active fructose-bisphosphate aldolase from rabbit muscle do not show any diffusion enhancement for the active enzymes nor the surrounding molecules. Additionally, we do not observe any diffusion enhancement of aldolase in the presence of its inhibitor pyrophosphate.

Author(s): Guenther, Jan-Philipp and Majer, Günter and Fischer, Peer
Journal: J. Chem. Phys.
Volume: 150
Number (issue): 124201
Year: 2019
Month: March

Department(s): Micro, Nano, and Molecular Systems
Bibtex Type: Article (article)
Paper Type: Journal

DOI: 10.1063/1.5086427
URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5086427


  title = {Absolute diffusion measurements of active enzyme solutions by NMR},
  author = {Guenther, Jan-Philipp and Majer, G{\"u}nter and Fischer, Peer},
  journal = {J. Chem. Phys.},
  volume = {150},
  number = {124201},
  month = mar,
  year = {2019},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5086427},
  month_numeric = {3}