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The acoustic hologram and particle manipulation with structured acoustic fields




This thesis presents holograms as a novel approach to create arbitrary ultrasound fields. It is shown how any wavefront can simply be encoded in the thickness profile of a phase plate. Contemporary 3D-printers enable fabrication of structured surfaces with feature sizes corresponding to wavelengths of ultrasound up to 7.5 MHz in water—covering the majority of medical and industrial applications. The whole workflow for designing and creating acoustic holograms has been developed and is presented in this thesis. To reconstruct the encoded fields a single transducer element is sufficient. Arbitrary fields are demonstrated in transmission and reflection configurations in water and air and validated by extensive hydrophone scans. To complement these time-consuming measurements a new approach, based on thermography, is presented, which enables volumetric sound field scans in just a few seconds. Several original experiments demonstrate the advantages of using acoustic holograms for particle manipulation. Most notably, directed parallel assembly of microparticles in the shape of a projected acoustic image has been shown and extended to a fabrication method by fusing the particles in a polymerization reaction. Further, seemingly dynamic propulsion from a static hologram is demonstrated by controlling the phase gradient along a projected track. The necessary complexity to create ultrasound fields with set amplitude and phase distributions is easily managed using acoustic holograms. The acoustic hologram is a simple and cost-effective tool for shaping ultrasound fields with high-fidelity. It is expected to have an impact in many applications where ultrasound is employed.

Author(s): Melde, K.
Year: 2019
Month: May
Day: 29

Department(s): Micro, Nano, and Molecular Systems
Bibtex Type: Thesis (phdthesis)

School: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5445/KSP/1000096129
URL: https://www.ksp.kit.edu/9783731509462


  title = {The acoustic hologram and particle manipulation with structured acoustic fields},
  author = {Melde, K.},
  school = {Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)},
  month = may,
  year = {2019},
  url = {https://www.ksp.kit.edu/9783731509462},
  month_numeric = {5}