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Enzymatically active biomimetic micropropellers for the penetration of mucin gels

2015

Article

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In the body, mucus provides an important defense mechanism by limiting the penetration of pathogens. It is therefore also a major obstacle for the efficient delivery of particle-based drug carriers. The acidic stomach lining in particular is difficult to overcome because mucin glycoproteins form viscoelastic gels under acidic conditions. The bacterium Helicobacter pylori has developed a strategy to overcome the mucus barrier by producing the enzyme urease, which locally raises the pH and consequently liquefies the mucus. This allows the bacteria to swim through mucus and to reach the epithelial surface. We present an artificial system of reactive magnetic micropropellers that mimic this strategy to move through gastric mucin gels by making use of surface-immobilized urease. The results demonstrate the validity of this biomimetic approach to penetrate biological gels, and show that externally propelled microstructures can actively and reversibly manipulate the physical state of their surroundings, suggesting that such particles could potentially penetrate native mucus.

Author(s): (Walker) Schamel, Debora and Käsdorf, Benjamin T. and Hyeon-Ho, Jeong and Lieleg, Oliver and Fischer, Peer
Journal: Science Advances
Volume: 1
Number (issue): 11
Year: 2015
Month: December
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science

Department(s): Micro, Nano, and Molecular Systems
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500501
Eprint: http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/11/e1500501.full.pdf
URL: http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/11/e1500501

BibTex

@article{Walkere1500501,
  title = {Enzymatically active biomimetic micropropellers for the penetration of mucin gels},
  author = {(Walker) Schamel, Debora and K{\"a}sdorf, Benjamin T. and Hyeon-Ho, Jeong and Lieleg, Oliver and Fischer, Peer},
  journal = {Science Advances},
  volume = {1},
  number = {11},
  publisher = {American Association for the Advancement of Science},
  month = dec,
  year = {2015},
  eprint = {http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/11/e1500501.full.pdf},
  url = {http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/11/e1500501},
  month_numeric = {12}
}