Our group has broad interests in the interaction of optical, electric, and  magnetic fields with matter at small length scales. We work on new 3-D  fabrication methods, self-assembly, actuation, and propulsion. We have  observed a number of fundamental effects and are developing new  experimental techniques and instruments.

(Adv. Mat., DOI: 10.1002/adma.201701024 (2017))

On-chip enzymatic microbiofuel cell-powered integrated circuits

(Lab on a Chip, doi: 10.1039/C7LC00178A (2017))