In order to develop new systems that self-assemble, actively move, and mimic the complex intelligent functions and behavior of biological microorganisms, an interdisciplinary research effort is required. Our lab therefore consists of physicists, engineers, and chemists; and our research encompasses projects that span the micron to molecular length scales.

Our Research

We build microswimmers and use them to explore bio-medically relevant applications. Locomotion in such complex environments requires new strategies for powering and controlling microsystems. We are working on new actuation principles in low Reynolds number hydrodynamics, and are exploring potential applications.


We develop new nanofabrication methods that are highly parallel and that permit the growth of complex three-dimensional nano-shapes and structures. An important aspect in our work is the use of functional materials, e.g. the combination of magnetic, electrical, catalytic, and optically active materials. New fabrication advances allow us to explore fundamental effects in physics and chemistry, and are the basis for the development of new engineering systems at the smallest of scales.


Nature has evolved highly sophisticated motors and that inspire our work and that we aim to mimic and incorporate in the systems and machinery we develop. We are interested in chirality, and we chemically tailor surfaces and couple nanostructures. We work with biological systems and molecules, including (genetically modified) enzymes.


Currently our research focuses on:

• 3D Nanofabrication & 3D Assembly

• New Micro-Robotic Actuation Systems

• Medical Micro- and Nanotechnology

• Nanomaterials and Biomaterials

• Nanopropellers and their Biomedical Applications (ERC: ChiralMicrobots)

• Molecular Systems Engineering

• Swimming at low Reynolds Number

• Physical Chemistry of Chirality and Chiral Nanostructures

• New Optical Effects, Plasmonics, Sensing and Spectroscopy